E-bikes and petrol-powered bicycles
You can use bicycles that meet the requirements for permitted e-bikes on public roads and road-related areas.
What are the e-bike requirements?
There are two types of permitted e-bikes:
- Power-assisted pedal cycles
- Electrically power-assisted cycles.
The rider must primarily propel these bikes – a motor can't be the only source propelling it. The motor should only help the rider, like when going uphill or facing strong winds.
Power-assisted pedal cycles
A power-assisted pedal cycle:
- has one or more motors attached with a combined maximum power output of up to 200 watts
- can't be propelled only by the motor/s
- weighs less than 50kg (including batteries)
- has a height-adjustable seat.
Electrically power-assisted cycles
An electrically power-assisted cycle has a maximum continued rated power of up to 500 watts. This power output must be:
- progressively reduced as the bicycle’s speed increases beyond 6km/h
- cut off when:
- your bicycle reaches a speed of 25km/h
- you stop pedalling and the speed exceeds 6km/h.
All petrol-powered bicycles are illegal on NSW roads and road-related areas like footpaths, shared paths, cycle ways and cycle paths. This includes bicycles that:
- have a petrol-powered engine attached before or after purchase
- are powered by other types of internal combustion engines.
Petrol-powered bicycles are faster than regular bicycles, reaching moped and small motorcycle speeds. Petrol-powered bicycles have regular bicycle brakes that aren't designed for higher speeds. These bicycles also take much longer to stop than regular bicycles. This increases the risk of a crash that can kill or seriously injure the rider and other road users.
Motorised bicycle tests has detailed results of performance capabilities, power output and stopping distances of petrol-powered bicycles.
A moped is a small motorcycle that:
- has an internal combustion engine with a capacity not exceeding 50ml, or an alternative power source e.g. electric motor
- has a maximum speed of 50km/h
- may be either two-wheeled or three-wheeled
- may be pedal assisted.
These vehicles are legal on NSW roads as long as they're:
- entered on the Register of Approved Vehicles (RAV), or for an older model, fitted with an identification plate (commonly referred to as a compliance plate),
- compliant with the applicable vehicle standards
- ridden by a licensed rider.