Enforcement cameras reduce road trauma and are used in all national and many international jurisdictions.
They help drivers slow down and avoid dangerous behaviour such as running red lights. Camera enforcement is one of the most effective, evidence-based measures to reduce speeding. It saves lives and prevents injuries.
Speed and red-light cameras
Fixed speed cameras
Fixed speed cameras are installed at high-risk locations to help reduce the incidence of speeding and crashes. These cameras can monitor multiple lanes using radar technology or detectors placed in the road surface. If you exceed the posted speed limit, a digital picture of your vehicle is taken.
A speeding vehicle can be detected and photographed even if it’s behind other vehicles.
Every fixed speed camera is accompanied by advance warning signs.
Mobile speed cameras
Mobile speed cameras are designed to detect speeding across the network by moving around to different locations at different times, to support the perception of ‘anywhere, anytime’ enforcement. They monitor multiple lanes and photograph vehicles exceeding the posted speed limit. Mobile speed cameras can be moved around at different times and locations.
Mobile speed cameras are one element of the NSW Automated Enforcement Strategy for road safety (PDF, 742.93 KB). They support police operations and other types of camera enforcement in NSW.
You'll see warning signs coming up to and after mobile speed cameras as well as a sign on top of the mobile speed camera vehicle, when they're in operation, so you know your speed is being checked.
To find out more about our mobile speed cameras, contact the Camera Enquiry Line.
Phone: 1300 782 230 (available 8.30am - 4.30pm, Monday - Friday)
Red-light speed cameras
Red-light speed cameras are installed at high-risk intersections to help reduce and prevent crashes. When a vehicle speeds or runs a red light, the cameras take a digital photo.
The cameras use vehicle tracking radar or electronic detectors placed in the road’s surface. These detectors accurately measure the speed of your vehicle. They also record when your vehicle crosses the white stop line after the lights have turned red.
There are 227 intersections in NSW that have red-light speed cameras. The locations include Sydney and regional areas and have been identified for red-light speed camera treatment using the criteria outlined in the NSW Automated Enforcement Strategy for road safety.
There are signs at intersections that tell you if red-light speed cameras are in use.
Average speed cameras
Average speed enforcement works by measuring the amount of time it takes a heavy vehicle to drive between two points, and then calculating the vehicle’s average speed. You'll receive a penalty for speeding if your vehicle’s average exceeds the speed limit for the length of road.
Our Average Speed Cameras Fact Sheet (PDF, 112.78 KB) answers commonly asked questions about these types of cameras.
Nominate a speed camera location
You can have your say on where you think speed cameras should operate. You can also tell us if you think there are issues with speed limits and speed limit signs.
Your comments along with crash data and other road safety engineering information may be used to help determine future speed camera locations.
Tell us where you think a speed camera should be located in NSW. Your submission will be reviewed by road safety experts.
Enforcement camera systems undergo a comprehensive evaluation and testing procedure. This ensures accuracy and reliability.
For fixed speed cameras, average speed cameras and red light speed cameras:
- Experts inspect each camera system before it's installed and regularly after installation. This is to check camera accuracy and operation.
- The camera recording device is inspected every 90 days. The speed-measuring device is inspected at least every 12 months. Both timeframes are in line with current legal requirements.
For mobile speed cameras:
- Mobile speed cameras have rigorous and regular testing, certification and calibration in accordance with legislated requirements.
All fine revenue from enforcement cameras goes to the Community Road Safety Fund. This fund supports priority road safety programs.
Most investment in safety upgrades is spent on roads in country NSW, where two-thirds of road deaths occur.
Revenue NSW is responsible for processing and issuing speeding infringements.
Cameras operating in warning mode
Fixed cameras, red-light speed cameras and average speed cameras will operate in warning mode at a new location or where the enforcement conditions have changed.
In warning mode, warning letters are used to alert non-compliant drivers and encourage a positive change in their driving behaviour. If you exceed the speed limit by less than 30km/h, you'll receive a warning letter. If you exceed the speed limit by more than 30km/h, you'll be fined and may have to attend court, lose demerit points and/or lose your licence.
A three-strikes scheme applies to a limited number of cameras operating in warning mode. If your vehicle has been issued two warning letters from a camera location, an infringement will be issued for a third offence and any further offences at that location.
Speed camera reviews
We monitor the effectiveness of all speed cameras in NSW.
Regular speed camera reviews evaluate all speed cameras. We ensure that cameras continue to have a positive effect on driver behaviour and help reduce crashes. We review and remove speed cameras that are found to be ineffective.
Annual speed camera reviews
- NSW Speed Camera Programs: 2021 Review (PDF, 1.63 MB)
- NSW Speed Camera Programs: 2021 Review - Technical Appendix (PDF, 19.13 MB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2020 (no appendices) (PDF, 546.11 KB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2020 (with appendices) (PDF, 4.84 MB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2019 (no appendices) (PDF, 604.79 KB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2019 (with appendices) (PDF, 6.5 MB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2018 (no appendices) (PDF, 471.62 KB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2018 (with appendices) (PDF, 3.79 MB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2017 (no appendices) (PDF, 329.67 KB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2017 (with appendices) (PDF, 3.1 MB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2016 (no appendices) (PDF, 281.53 KB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2016 (with appendices) (PDF, 2.85 MB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2015 (no appendices) (PDF, 510.99 KB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2015 (with appendices) (PDF, 3.67 MB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2014 (no appendices) (PDF, 228.98 KB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2014 (with appendices) (PDF, 3.45 MB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2013 (no appendices) (PDF, 136.93 KB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2013 (with appendices) (PDF, 2.39 MB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2012 (no appendices) (PDF, 125.09 KB)
- Annual review of speed cameras - 2012 (with appendices) (PDF, 1.87 MB)
For more information
Our driver’s aid app helps manage your speed by providing visual and audible warnings if you exceed the speed limit.